March 3, 2021

✪ Using a Clinical Workflow Analysis to Enhance eHealth Implementation Planning: Tutorial and Case Study


Stephanie Staras, Justin S. Tauscher, Natalie Rich, Esaa Samarah, Lindsay A. Thompson, Michelle M. Vinson, Michael J. Muszynski, & Elizabeth A. Shenkman

University of Washington affiliated authors are displayed in bold.

✪ Open Access

Published: March 2021

Read the full text in the open access journal JMIR mHealth and uHealth


eHealth apps often fail to improve clinical outcomes due to poor integration with clinical workflow—the sequence and personnel needed to undertake a series of tasks for clinical care. Our central thesis is that eHealth interventions will be more effective if the clinical workflow is studied and taken into consideration for intervention implementation. This paper aims to provide an introductory tutorial on when and how to use a clinical workflow analysis to guide the implementation of eHealth interventions. The tutorial includes a step-by-step guide to conducting a clinical workflow analysis in planning for eHealth implementation.

We began with a description of why a clinical workflow analysis is best completed before the implementation of eHealth interventions. Next, we described 4 steps needed to perform the clinical workflow analysis: the identification of discrete workflow components, workflow assessment, triangulation, and the stakeholder proposal of intervention implementation. Finally, we presented a case study of a clinical workflow analysis, which was conducted during patient visits of patients aged 11 or 12 years from 4 diverse pediatric or family medicine clinics to plan the implementation of a tablet-based app for adolescent vaccination.

Investigators planning the implementation of new eHealth interventions in health care settings can use the presented steps to assess clinical workflow, thereby maximizing the match of their intervention with the clinical workflow. Conducting a prospective workflow study allows for evidence-based planning, identifying potential pitfalls, and increasing stakeholder buy-in and engagement. This tutorial should aid investigators in increasing the successful implementation of eHealth interventions.

**This abstract is posted with permission under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License**